Gallery of Perennial Flowers

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Lawn & Garden

A perennial plant lives longer than two years and blooms in spring and summer before dying in fall and winter. They bloom again in spring, like the liatris pictured above. This image gallery showcases the colorful world of perennials. The next flower is known for its natural medicinal properties.


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The purple coneflower, also called echinacea, is a heat-resistant native flower that grows wild in several states. It has been used for centuries to treat infectious diseases and poor immune function. Today, echinacea is used to treat influenza, colds, chronic fatigue syndrome, and AIDS. The next flower is a hybrid perennial.


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The Shasta daisy, Chrysanthemum maximum (Asteraceae), is named after the snow on Mount Shasta, in California, by the man who created this hybrid, Luther Burbank. The next flower blooms in a variety of colors.


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The iris genus contains more than 200 distinct species and countless cultivars, with fine foliage and brief periods of bloom. These perennials return reliably year after year. In 1991, the next plant won the honor of “Perennial Plant of the Year” by the Perennial Plant Association (PPA).


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The Coral Bell (Heuchera) does well in shade and has spikes of bright red, pink, or white flowers, but it is most notable for its stunning foliage of silver, burgundy, bronze, plum, and gold. Next up is a flower with a unique history involving butter.

Creeping buttercups were once held by children under their noses to test their fondness for butter. Originally from Europe, they are now naturalized over much of the Northeast. The genus is named from the Latin for “little frog,” an allusion to the aquatic habitat of some species. The next flowers are some of the world’s most popular spring bulbs.


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Although tulips are not native to Holland, they are associated with the country due to their popularity. Tulips come in almost every shade except true blue. The next flower is considered one of the most popular garden flowers.


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Dianthus, also known as carnations, are affordable bouquets at local florists but also make hardy perennials in your yard. The next flower has unfairly gained a bad reputation.

Goldenrods are hardy perennials that thrive in poor to average soil without much water or fertilizer. Sun exposure is necessary to promote flowering. The next perennial has metallic-blue petals.

The globe thistle is a spiky and visually stunning plant that thrives in full sun and isn’t picky when it comes to soil. It’s also incredibly drought-resistant once it’s established. Another must-have perennial for a romantic garden is the bleeding heart, which has heart-shaped flowers and attractive foliage. However, its flowers finish in the spring and its foliage disappears in midsummer. Astilbe, also known as False Spirea, is a low-maintenance plant that comes in a variety of colors and can attract butterflies. Blanket flowers, or gaillardias, are tough perennials with serrated tips on their ray petals and are known for their cheerful yellow and red colors. Foxgloves are classic garden perennials that bloom at the same time as roses and grow four to six feet tall with bell-shaped flowers. Yarrows, named after the Greek hero Achilles, bloom from June until frost and can grow up to three feet tall. Perennial poppies have crinkly, silky petals and are a focal point in any garden. Peonies are the queens of many perennial borders with their glossy dark foliage and fragrant, huge flowers. Finally, soapwort is a European immigrant that was brought over by colonists to be used as a substitute for soap. The next flower on the list blooms, matures, and withers within 24 hours.


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Daylilies have several buds on one stalk, so even though each bloom lasts only one day, a new one replaces it quickly. Local Hawaiian women wear the next flower to signify their marital status.


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The hibiscus is associated with exotic places, like Hawaii, where it’s not just decorative but also symbolic. Women wear the flower behind their left ears when married and behind their right ears when single. Regular deadheading and division help maintain this perennial’s strength.


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Coreopsis species are popular perennials in gardens, all with bright daisylike flowers on wiry stems. Height varies from nine inches to three feet, depending on the species and cultivar. The next flower’s name is a tribute to the strength of its stems.


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New York Ironweed’s nectar is a favorite of butterflies, making it a great addition to any garden. Each branch has a cluster of 30 to 50 deep violet flowers that bloom from late July to the end of October. This final perennial is Colorado’s state flower.

Columbine is perfect for cut flowers, with a variety of colors that attract hummingbirds. For more information on perennial flowers, visit the Perennials Channel.

FAQ

1. What are perennial flowers?

Perennial flowers are plants that live for two or more years. They usually die back in the winter and grow back in the spring. Unlike annuals, which complete their life cycle in one growing season, perennials can provide years of enjoyment in the garden. They come in a wide variety of shapes, sizes, and colors, and some even have fragrant blooms. Some popular examples of perennial flowers are peonies, daylilies, and hostas.

2. How do I care for perennial flowers?

Caring for perennial flowers depends on the specific plant, but there are some general guidelines you can follow. Most perennials prefer well-draining soil and full sun, although some can tolerate shade. Water them regularly, especially during dry spells, but be careful not to overwater. Deadhead spent flowers to encourage more blooms and cut back the foliage in the fall to help the plant prepare for winter. Fertilize perennials in the spring and divide them every few years to keep them from becoming overcrowded.

3. Can I plant perennial flowers in containers?

Yes, you can plant perennial flowers in containers, but there are a few things to keep in mind. Choose a container that is at least 12 inches in diameter and has drainage holes. Use a high-quality potting mix and add some slow-release fertilizer. Water the plants regularly, as container plants dry out faster than those in the ground. In colder climates, you may need to bring the container indoors for the winter or provide some protection from the cold.

4. How do I choose perennial flowers for my garden?

When choosing perennial flowers for your garden, consider factors such as sun exposure, soil type, and bloom time. Think about the overall look you want to achieve and choose plants that complement each other. Look for plants that are hardy in your area and that have a long bloom time or interesting foliage. You can also choose plants based on their height and create a layered effect in your garden. Don’t be afraid to experiment and try new things!

5. Can I use perennial flowers in cut flower arrangements?

Yes, many perennial flowers can be used in cut flower arrangements. Some popular choices include peonies, daisies, and irises. When cutting the flowers, use sharp scissors or shears and cut them early in the morning when they are fully hydrated. Remove any leaves that will be below the water line and place the stems in a vase with fresh water. Change the water every few days and re-cut the stems to help them last longer. Enjoy your beautiful arrangement!

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