Green Beans

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Lawn & Garden

Green beans are a popular choice for home gardeners, with the green or snap bean being the most commonly grown. The yellow or wax bean is a variation of the green bean and is also widely grown. The Stringless Green Pod, introduced by Burpee in 1894, made most beans stringless. Green beans grow either as bushes or vines, with bushes being easier to manage, growing only 1 to 2 feet tall and maturing earlier. Pole beans, on the other hand, grow 6 to 8 feet tall and require a trellis for support, but produce more beans per plant. Green beans are a staple in many vegetable recipes. In this article, we will discuss how to grow green beans.

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About Green Beans

Green beans have leaves usually composed of three leaflets. The flowers can be pale yellow, lavender, or white, while the color and size of the pods and seeds can vary.

Common Name: Green (Snap) Bean, Yellow (Wax) Bean

Scientific Name: Phaseolus vulgaris

Hardiness: Tender (will die at first frost)

In the following section, we will guide you on how to grow green beans and explain the different types of green beans.

Try:

  • Vegetable Recipes: Find delicious recipes that feature green beans.
  • Vegetable Gardens: Grow a full harvest of great vegetables this year.
  • Gardening: We answer your questions about all things that come from the garden.

Growing Green Beans


Green beans are a great choice for home gardeners and provide a harvest of nutritious and delicious vegetables in good conditions. Snap beans require a short growing season of about 60 days of moderate temperatures from seed to first crop. They grow anywhere in the United States and are ideal for inexperienced gardeners. Snap beans require warm soil to germinate and should be planted on the average date of the last frost.

For an extended harvest, you can plant bush beans every two weeks or start with bush beans and follow up with pole beans. Plant seeds an inch deep, directly in the garden. For bush beans, plant the seeds 2 inches apart in single rows or wide rows. Seeds of pole beans should be planted 4 to 6 inches apart in rows 30 to 36 inches apart. Alternatively, plant them in inverted hills, five or six seeds to a hill, with 30 inches of space around each hill.

For pole bean varieties, set up the trellis at the time of planting to avoid disturbing the roots. Keep the soil evenly moist until the beans have pushed through the ground. When seedlings are growing well, thin the plants to 4 to 6 inches apart. Cut excess seedlings with scissors to avoid disturbing the roots of neighboring seedlings.

Harvesting Green Beans

The immature pod is the part that is eaten. When the pods are large enough to eat, harvest by pulling the pods off the plant, taking care not to break the stem. Beans will flower twice and provide a second harvest. Smaller pods are more tender.

Green Beans

Green beans are categorized as bush varieties and pole varieties. The list of varieties within these two categories is as follows:

Varieties of Green Beans

Bush Varieties

There are several types of green beans that can be grown in a bush form:

  • Burpee’s Tenderpod: Can be harvested in 50 days and has 5-inch-long green pods.
  • Blue Lake: Can be harvested in 58 days and has green, 6 1/2-inch pods with white seeds.
  • Roma II: Can be harvested in 53 days and has green, flattened pods that are 4 1/2 inches long.
  • Brittle Wax: Can be harvested in 52 days and has rounded, yellow pods that are 7 inches long.
  • Royal Burgundy: Can be harvested in 51 days and has 6-inch-long purple pods.
  • Festiva: Can be harvested in 56 days and is deep green and disease resistant.
  • Soliel: Can be harvested in 60 days and is a high-yielding yellow variety.

Pole Varieties

Green beans can also be grown in a pole form:

  • Kentucky Wonder: Can be harvested in 65 days and is a standard variety with heavy yields of 9-inch green pods.
  • Blue Lake: Can be harvested in 60 days and has pods that are 6 inches long with white seeds.
  • Scarlet Runner Bean: Can be harvested in 65 days and is often grown for its scarlet flowers; pods are green and up to 12 inches long.

Give them a try!

Check out our vegetable recipes for delicious ways to enjoy green beans. Learn how to grow a full harvest of great vegetables this year in our vegetable gardens section. Have questions about gardening? We answer them all in our gardening section.

FAQ

1. What are green beans?

Green beans, also known as string beans or snap beans, are a type of vegetable that belong to the legume family. They are usually harvested when the beans are still young and tender, before the seeds inside have fully developed. They are a popular ingredient in many dishes around the world, and are known for their crisp texture and mild flavor.

2. How do you prepare green beans?

Green beans can be prepared in a variety of ways, including boiling, steaming, roasting, or sautéing. To prepare them, simply wash the beans and trim off the stem end. If the beans are very long, you may also want to cut them in half. Then, cook the beans until they are tender but still crisp, which usually takes about 5 to 10 minutes depending on the method you are using.

3. What are the nutritional benefits of green beans?

Green beans are a good source of fiber, vitamin C, vitamin K, and folate. They also contain antioxidants that may help protect against certain types of cancer and other diseases. Eating green beans may also help lower cholesterol levels and improve digestion.

4. How do you store green beans?

If you have fresh green beans, store them in the refrigerator in a plastic bag or container for up to 5 days. You can also blanch them and then freeze them for longer storage. Canned or frozen green beans should be stored in a cool, dry place until ready to use.

5. What are some popular dishes that use green beans?

Green beans are a versatile ingredient that can be used in a wide variety of dishes. Some popular recipes include green bean casserole, sautéed green beans with garlic and soy sauce, roasted green beans with parmesan cheese, and chilled green bean salad with vinaigrette dressing.

6. Are there any health concerns associated with eating green beans?

While green beans are generally considered safe to eat, some people may experience digestive issues such as gas, bloating, or diarrhea if they eat too many. Additionally, some people may have an allergy to legumes, which could cause an allergic reaction if they eat green beans. If you experience any adverse symptoms after eating green beans, you should consult with a healthcare provider.

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