Guidelines for Hanging Items on Walls

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Home Decor

There are numerous items that can be hung on walls, including pictures, mirrors, shelves, lamps, tools, and sports equipment. However, it is important to choose the right fastener and install it correctly to ensure that these items remain securely in place.

Most walls are covered with drywall that is either half an inch or five-eighths of an inch thick. For lightweight and medium-weight objects, a nail or expandable plastic screw anchor is sufficient. However, heavier objects like large mirrors require hardware that attaches to the wall framing or clamps to the wall surface from behind.

The wooden framing in walls, known as studs, is usually spaced 16 inches apart. You can use an electronic stud finder to locate studs by detecting the nails that hold the wall covering to the studs. Alternatively, knock the wall and listen for a solid sound 16 inches from a corner to locate a stud. Other studs are usually spaced in increments of 16 inches from the first one.

 

Hanging Light Objects


Picture hangers are practical for hanging lightweight objects on walls.

For hanging most lightweight objects like small pictures:

Step 1: Cover the spot where the nail will be driven with a small piece of cellophane tape to prevent the wall’s drywall or plaster from crumbling.

Step 2: Place a picture hanger flat against the wall and drive a nail through the hanger.

For hanging medium-weight objects like large pictures:

Step 1: Purchase plastic or nylon wall anchors made for the size screws you have and identify the size drill bit to use for the holes.

Step 2: Drill a hole in the wall to fit the plastic anchor.

Step 3: Tap the anchor in with a hammer.

Step 4: Insert the screw through the item it will hold, and then turn it into the anchor. The screw will expand the anchor to make it grip the sides of the hole.

Hanging Heavy Objects


Fasteners for hanging heavier objects from walls.

The best fastener for hanging heavy objects, such as shelves and mirrors, is the expansion anchor or bolt. This type of fastener comes in various sizes to fit differences in wall thickness and the weight of the items they will hold.

To install the right fastener, follow these steps:

Step 1: Check the package to determine the drill bit size required, and then drill a hole in the wall.

Step 2: Gently tap the fastener in place with a hammer.

Step 3: Turn the slotted bolt clockwise. When you are unable to turn it any further, back it out. The fastener is now secure against the wall’s interior, and you can hang your object.

To hang an object, you can use an expansion anchor or a toggle bolt for heavier items like cabinets or bookshelves. For expansion anchors, insert the bolt into the anchor and then through the object or its hanger. Toggle bolts require drilling holes in the wall, putting the bolt through the object or hanger before inserting it into the wall. Squeeze the toggle and push it into the hole, holding the object next to the wall. Pull the bolt back until the toggle opens and hits the wall, then turn the bolt until the item is secure. With these steps, you can easily hang objects on your walls.

FAQ

1. What tools do I need to hang things on walls?

To hang things on walls, you will need a few basic tools such as a hammer, nails, screws, a drill, a level, and a measuring tape. Depending on the weight of the item you are hanging, you may also need anchors or wall hooks. It is always a good idea to have a stud finder on hand to locate the studs in the wall where you can securely hang heavier items.

2. How do I hang a picture on a wall?

To hang a picture on a wall, start by measuring the distance between the top of the frame and where the nail or hook will go. Use a pencil to mark the spot on the wall where you want to hang the picture. If you are hanging a heavier picture, locate the studs in the wall and use screws to hang the picture. For lighter pictures, use picture-hanging hooks or nails. Use a level to ensure that the picture hangs straight.

3. How do I hang shelves on a wall?

To hang shelves on a wall, start by measuring the distance between the brackets that will hold the shelf. Mark the spot on the wall where the brackets will go. Use a drill to make pilot holes for the screws. If you are not hanging the shelf on a stud, use wall anchors for added support. Install the brackets and then place the shelf on top of them, making sure it is level.

4. How do I hang a mirror on a wall?

To hang a mirror on a wall, start by measuring the distance between the top of the mirror and where the nail or hook will go. Mark the spot on the wall where you want to hang the mirror. If the mirror is heavy, locate the studs in the wall and use screws to hang it. If the mirror is lighter, use picture-hanging hooks or nails. Use a level to ensure the mirror hangs straight.

5. How do I hang curtains on a wall?

To hang curtains on a wall, start by measuring the distance between the top of the curtain rod and where the brackets will go. Mark the spot on the wall where the brackets will go. Use a drill to make pilot holes for the screws. Install the brackets and then place the curtain rod on top of them. Hang the curtains on the rod and adjust them to the desired height.

6. How do I hang a TV on a wall?

To hang a TV on a wall, start by locating the studs in the wall where you want to hang the TV. Use a stud finder to find the studs. Mark the spot on the wall where you want to hang the TV bracket. Use a drill to make pilot holes for the screws. Install the bracket on the wall. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions to attach the TV to the bracket. Make sure the TV is level and secure.

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