Guide to Cleaning Synthetic Fabrics

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Home Improvement


Polyester fabrics are durable, wrinkle-resistant, colorfast, and maintain pleats and creases well. However, they tend to attract oil stains, may pill when rubbed, and can yellow with age. Polyester is commonly used for clothing, coats, and bedding. It can be dry-cleaned or washed in a machine.

  • To prevent snags, turn polyester-knit garments inside out before washing.
  • Wash polyester in warm water with an all-purpose detergent. Use bleach if needed and fabric softener to reduce static electricity.
  • To whiten white polyester fabric, soak it overnight in a mixture of 1/2 cup automatic dishwashing detergent and 1 gallon warm water. Launder as usual and add 1/2 cup vinegar to the final rinse.
  • Tumble-dry polyester on low heat and avoid over-drying to prevent shrinkage.
  • Press polyester fabrics at moderate temperature or use steam.


1. What are synthetic fabrics?

Synthetic fabrics are created from man-made materials such as polyester, nylon, acrylic, and spandex. These materials are used to make clothing, bedding, and other household items. Synthetic fabrics are popular due to their durability, affordability, and versatility.

2. Why is it important to clean synthetic fabrics?

Cleaning synthetic fabrics is important for maintaining their appearance and extending their lifespan. Over time, synthetic fabrics can accumulate dirt, sweat, and oils, which can lead to discoloration, odors, and even damage. Regular cleaning can help prevent these issues and keep your synthetic fabrics looking and feeling their best.

3. What is the best way to clean synthetic fabrics?

The best way to clean synthetic fabrics is to follow the care instructions on the garment or item. In general, synthetic fabrics can be washed in cold water with a mild detergent. Avoid using bleach or fabric softeners, as these can damage synthetic fibers. Hang or lay synthetic fabrics flat to dry, as high heat can cause shrinkage and damage.

4. How do I remove stains from synthetic fabrics?

To remove stains from synthetic fabrics, it is important to act quickly. Blot the stain with a clean cloth to remove any excess liquid, then apply a stain remover or pre-treatment according to the product directions. Allow the product to sit for a few minutes before washing the item as usual. For stubborn stains, consider taking the item to a professional cleaner.

5. Can I iron synthetic fabrics?

Synthetic fabrics may be ironed on a low heat setting, but be sure to check the care instructions first. High heat can melt or damage synthetic fibers. To avoid damaging the fabric, place a cloth or towel between the iron and the fabric when ironing.

6. How do I store synthetic fabrics?

To store synthetic fabrics, make sure they are clean and dry. Avoid storing them in direct sunlight or in areas with high humidity, as this can cause discoloration and damage. Fold synthetic fabrics neatly and store them in a cool, dry place such as a closet or dresser drawer.

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